Feb 24, 2020

Developmental Milestones: Visual Motor Skills and Grasping Milestones

Hey Mama, want a full nights sleep again? Buy now

Fine Motor Development Guide

Our guest blogger today is Meg Isagholi. She is a pediatric occupational therapist and graduated with a MSOT degree in 2013.  She has extensive experience working to typical and non-typical children to help remediate skills related to gross motor skills, fine motor skills, sensory processing deficits, social emotional, and adaptive skills. 

She also has experience working in the school district where she has integrated Learning Without Tears handwriting program to teach her students proper grasping and handwriting skills. For more activities and ideas for fine motor development or inquiries about private handwriting sessions follow her on Instagram page: @HandwritingwithMeg.

0-2 months

Visual motor:

  • Lying on back, child can track a rattle midline (nose) to one side and back to midline (nose). 
  • Looks at hands for 3 seconds
  • Places an open hand on table

Grasping:

  • Loses finger in a tight grasp
  • Holds a rattle for 3 seconds and then drops it

3-5 months

Visual Motor:

  • Lying on back, reaches for up with his hands toward a rattle that is placed over head
  • Lying on back, moves hand within 4 inches from midline (nose) to reach from toy 
  • Grasps a rattle
  • Holds rattle for 30 seconds

Grasping:

  • Picks up rattle from the floor 
  • Grasps string, pulls it to obtain a toy
  • Can secure a paper
  • Grasps and holds cubes

6-8 months

Visual Motor:

  • In sitting: brings hands together to secure a block or small ball. 
  • Lying on back, reaches with one straight arm while the other arm remains stationary
  • Picks up 2 cubes and retains both
  • Can transfer objects from one hand to the other. 
  • Touches small objects with finger, though may not grasp it
  • Bangs objects or cup on table
  • Pokes finger in holes 

Grasping:

  • Uses thumb, index, and middle finger to grasp for objects
  • Uses all fingers to rake for small objects
  • Crumples paper with palms with 1 or 2 hands
  • Grasps cheerios with thumb side of index finger

9-11 months

Visual Motor: 

  • Bring 2 cubes together in midline
  • Claps hands
  • Has object in both hands will extend arm for the 3rd object
  • Removes pegs from pegboard
  • Release objects voluntarily into an adult’s hand
  • Remove socks
  • Picks up cheerios with thumb and index finger and drops them into cup 
  • Places 3 to 7 cubes into a cup

Grasping:

  • Grasps pellet with pad of thumb and index finger 
  • Controlled grasp of cube with more use of fingers rather than palm of hand

12-14 months

Visual Motor:

  • Opens books
  • Stirs spoon in cup
  • Turn bottle over and dumps out pellet in a bottle (container play0
  • Places 7 cubes in a cup
  • Places pegs on pegboard
  • Places 1 shape into correct form board/puzzle
  • Puts cheerios in a bottle 
  • Starting to scribble with marker on paper

Grasping:

  • Picks up 2 cubes with 1 hand and holds them

15-18 months

Visual Motor: 

  • Stalks 2-3 cubes on top of each other
  • Places 2 shapes into correct holes or formboard

Grasping:

  • Grasps marker with fisted grasp and scribbles spontaneously

19-24 months

Visual Motor: 

  • Tuns 3 pages of a book
  • Places 3 shapes into correct holes in formboard/puzzle
  • Stalks 4-6 blocks
  • Draws a vertical line with demonstration

Grasping:

  • Can push, pull, or dump things out

25-30 months

Visual Motor: 

  • Imitates drawing a vertical -lines
  • Stalks 8-10 cubes
  • Cuts paper in 1 place (snipping)
  • Draws a horizontal line
  • Strings 2 to 4 large beads

Grasping:

  • Removes screw/twist on lid to a container
  • Bends paper producing a crease
  • Uses a digital pronated grasp on maker

31-36 months

Visual Motor:

  • Draws a circle
  • Builds a 10 -block tower
  • Can copy block designs with 3-4 blocks 

 Grasping:

  • Snips with paper with child safe scissors
  • Transitional grasp on maker

37-42 months

Visual Motor:

  • Cuts paper in 2 pieces
  • Laces 3 holes
  • Cuts on a thick line and stays within ½” inches from line then entire length of line
  • Traces horizontal line
  • Draws a cross

Grasping:

  • Holds a marker with three fingers (thumb, index and middle) finger not with a fisted grasp  

49-54 months

Visual Motor: 

  • Draws a square
  • Copies cross
  • Cuts out circle printed on paper
  • Connects dots by drawing a straight line
  • Builds simple blocks designs with blocks with a visual model (steps, pyramid)

 Grasping:

  • Holds a marker with the pad of thumb, index, middle finger (tripod grasp)

60-63 months (5years,3 months)

Visual Motor:

  • Draws: circle, square, and triangle
  • Prints own name
  • Draws a person with at least 6 body parts 
  • Copies diagonal lines in correct direction

Grasping:

  • Has a dynamic tripod grasp, movements are from the finger bending and extending and not from the shoulders






Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published.

You may also like

Best Toys For 1-Year Old Toddler
7 Great Toys Your 1-Year-Old Toddler Absolutely Needs In Their Playroom 

Read more

Coronavirus Memes Only Parents Will Understand
The Best Quarantine Memes Relating to Parents

Read more